Câu hỏi đuôi là dạng câu hỏi khá thông dụng trong văn nói và văn viết nhưng lại rất dễ học và dễ nhớ. Bài viết cung cấp lý thuyết chi tiết và bài tập áp dụng giúp người học dễ dàng nắm bắt và áp dụng trong cuộc sống cũng như trong thi và kiểm tra.
- Nếu câu nói trước dấu phẩy là câu khẳng định, câu hỏi đuôi phải ở thể phủ định. - Nếu câu nói trước dấu phẩy là câu phủ định, câu hỏi đuôi phải ở thể khẳng định Sau đây là một số dạng câu hỏi đuôi: 1. S + V, don't / doesn't / didn't + S ? Chú ý : Chủ ngữ (S) ở đuôi phải là một trong 7 đại từ nhân xưng (It, we, I, he, she,they, you). Ex : Lan goes to school, doesn't she ? 2. S + Be, Be + not + S ? Ex: The flowers are beautiful, aren't they ? 3. S + TĐTKK + V, TĐTKK + not +S ? Ex: Lan can put a pen in your bag, can't she ? 4. S + have / has + PP , have/ has + not + S ? Khi chủ ngữ là everyone, everybody, someone, somebody, everything, something. thì ở đuôi ta phải dùng (S) tương ứng là they Khi chủ ngữ có nothing, noone, nobody, seldom, rarely. hardly, never thì câu hỏi đuôi ở dạng khẳng định. Examples:
I/ Động từ đặc biệt: 1/ You are lucky this time, aren’t you? 2/ I’m right to say that, am I not/ aren’t I? 3/ I’m not right to say that, am I? 4/ Girls may go out at night, may they not?( “May not” không rút gọn) 5/ She will marry an American, won’t she? 6/ I am your teacher, am I not? II/ Động từ thường: 1/ They always go to bed at 10 p.m, don’t they? 2/ Your wife didn’t sing that song when she was alive, did she? 3/ He used to smoke cigars, didn’t he? III/ Câu đặc biệt: 1.Câu có động từ khiếm khuyết - modal verbs: Ex: 1/ You could have seen him, couldn’t you? 2/ I ought to have heard by now, oughtn’t I? 2.Chủ từ là một số Đại từ đặc biệt: Ex: 1/ All can’t speak at a time, can they? 2/ Everyone cheered wildly, didn’t he( formal)/ didn’t they( informal)? 3.Câu có little, a little, few, a few: Ex: 1/ Very little progress has been made, has it? 2/ A little progress has been made, hasn’t it? 3/ Few people knew the answer, did they? 4/ A few people knew the answer, didn’t they? 4.Trong câu có trạng từ nghĩa bán phủ định: Ex: 1/ The child rarely cries, does he? 2/ He could hardly feed a large family, could he? 3/ She seldom sees him, does she? 4/ We could scarely hear what he said, could we? 5.Trong câu có trạng từ phủ định hoặc từ phủ định: Ex: 1/ He went nowhere else, did he? 2/ They did nothing, did they? 3/ You have never in the house, is there? 6.Câu mệnh lệnh: Ex: 1/ Open your books, will you? 2/ Don’t talk in class, will you? 3/ Let’s go to the cinema, shall we? 4/ Let me lend you a hand, will you?
She is collecting stickers,?
We often watch TV in the afternoon,?
You have cleaned your bike,?
John and Max don't like Maths,?
Peter played handball yesterday,?
They are going home from school,?
Mary didn't do her homework last Monday,?
He could have bought a new car,?
Kevin will come tonight,?
He's not coming, ?
I'm not late, ?
The bank lent him the money, ?
You shouldn't do that, ?
You don't take sugar in coffee, ?
She looks tired, ?
There's a cinema near the station, ?
He arrived late, ?
Nobody has arrived yet, ?
It's time to go, ?
I'm right, ?
You had seen it before, ?
Everybody looked so miserable, ?
You wouldn't do that, ?
He'll be there, ?
Everybody will be there, ?
She's had too much to do lately, ?
It won't happen, ?
They should be here soon, ?
I'm not intruding, ?
Nobody's got to leave early, ?
That dog's very noisy, ?
You have got to arrive before half past eight, ?
They took it,?
That's the shop where you used to work, ?
The book's a best-seller, ?
You haven't got a sister, ?
I'm in trouble, ?
You would tell me if you knew, ?
You'd rather not tell me, ?
Lima is the capital of Peru, ?
He'd better try harder, ?
There's nothing on TV tonight, ?
That's the guy who was on TV the other night, ?
That's the guy that won the pools, ?
She won't be here for another hour, ?
Mr McGuinness is from Ireland,?
The car isn't in the garage,?
You are John,?
She went to the library yesterday,?
He didn't recognize me,?
Cars pollute the environment,?
Mr. Pritchard has been to Scotland recently,?
The trip is very expensive,?
He won't tell her , ?
He sometimes reads the newspaper,?
You are Indian, ?
Peggy didn't use the pencil, ?
Mary has answered the teacher's question, ?
The boy is from Turkey, ?
Sue wasn't listening, .?
Andrew isn't sleeping, ?
Tom and Maria will arrive at Heathrow, ?
He's been to Texas,?
Dogs like meat, ?
There are some apples left, ?
I'm late, ?
Let's go, ?
Don't smoke, ?
He does sing in the bathroom, ?
He'll never know, ?
I think, he's from India, ?
Lovely day today, ?
She is collecting stickers, ?
We often watch TV in the afternoon, ?
You have cleaned your bike, ?
John and Max don't like Maths, ?
Peter played handball yesterday, ?
They are going home from school, ?
Mary didn't do her homework last Monday, ?
He could have bought a new car, ?
Kevin will come tonight, ?
I'm clever, ?
Murat gets up late, ?
You didn't go to school yesterday, ?
I am not a nurse, ?
She doesn't cook well, ?
You can speak English, ?
I am your best friend, ?
The sun is shining, ?
They haven't seen him for ages, ?
She visited her grandmother, ?
Susan and Peter arrived late yesterday, ?
She wasn't there, ?
Sheila has gone to the supermarket, ?
I will help you, ?
You shouldn't do that, ?
The thief was arrested yesterday, ?
The computer is broken, ?
Our English teacher is very nice,?
I am a doctor, ?
Susan caught the bus, ?
They drew an elephant, ?
The student didn't do the homework, ?
Let's have a drink,?
Your car is not cheap,?
Lisa has lost her ID,?
You couldn't help me,?
We are friends,?
You weren't at the party last night,?
There is a museum in this city,?
You have never been to Peking,?
You must give up smoking,?
I didn't do anything wrong,?
No one can help you,?
They helped us a lot,?
Don't do it, ?
Get out of my sight,?
Dave is your cousin, ?
Kiki doesn’t write a letter before bed ?
Jenny and Natalie are the members of the Photography Club, ?
You can swim very well, ?
She draws a beautiful picture, ?
We came home late last night, ?
Henry and Ricky read a lot of books, ?
We played football last night, ?
You didn’t see me, ?
He sells toys, ?
They don’t like cats, ?
She loves flowers, ?
You are a student, ?
Jane can’t swim, ?
They mustn’t buy the car, ?
Billy has made a beautiful kite, ?
You won’t trust him, ?
Kathy and YoYo will go to the swimming pool tomorrow, ?
Mrs. White ate a lot of fish yesterday, ?
Ken didn’t visit his grandfather last week, ?
You don’t like fishing, ?
Fiona likes Jacky Chan, ?
She must come to the party, ?
Lucy will buy the dress, ?
Mimi and Lily were sad yesterday, ?
Kate always sleeps early, ?
He won’t be happy, ?
You didn’t do homework yesterday, ?
We kept some money under the bed, ?
It seldom barks,?
Michael and Melody often go home late, ?
Hugh had a red car,?
The Mount Rushmore National Memorial Park is in Keystone,?
The rock was a sacred Indian site once,?
It has been a national memorial since 1925, ?
The monument doesn’t show the bust of President Clinton, ?
George Washington was the first President of the United States, ?
Mr McGuinness is from Ireland, ?
The car isn't in the garage, ?
You are John, ?
She went to the library yesterday, ?
KEY – TAG QUESTION
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