1. have sth PP/ V3: thuê mướn, nhờ ai làm gì cho vật sở hữu của mình
E.g: I had my hair cut yesterday. ( = I employed a barber/ hairdresser to cut my hair yesterday.) Have you had your car washed yet? They are going to have their house painted next month. We are having our car repaired. Note: có thể thay have = get I had my hair cut yesterday. = I got my hair cut yesterday.
2. have sb Vo: sai khiến, nhờ vả ai làm gì
E.g: He’ll have the driver bring his car around at 4 o’clock. I’ll have the gardener plant some trees and flowers. She had him dig away the snow. Note: có thể thay have = get nhưng cấu trúc hơi khác E.g: I’ll have the gardener plant some trees and flowers. = I’ll get the gardener to plant some trees and flowers.
3. have sth PP/ V3: chịu đựng một việc xảy ra ( thường xấu) cho vật sở hữu của mình
E.g: He has just had his pocket picked. King Chales I had his hand cut off. She had her handbag stolen.
4. have sb/ sth V-ing: trải qua kết quả hành động của ai/ cái gì
E.g: We have people phoning up from all over the world. ( = People are phoning us up from all over the world) We’ll soon have the mist coming down on us. ( = The mist will soon be coming down on us) We have our orders coming in from over the world. If you give all-night parties, you’ll have your neighbors complaining. ( = Your neighbors will complain)
5. have sb V-ing: làm cho ai làm gì
E.g: She had her audience listening attentively. The film had us sitting on the edge of our seats with excitement.
6. not have sb V_ing: không cho phép
E.g: I can’t have you doing that. The teacher won’t have her students arriving late.
7. have sb/ sth to Vo: có nhiệm vụ phải làm gì đối với ai
E.g: He has a lot of homework to do. She has a big family to feed. We have many children to look after.
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