131 câu luyện tập về cấu tạo từ nâng cao (Có đáp án)

Cập nhật lúc: 15:28 22-02-2016 Mục tin: Ngữ Pháp (Grammar)

Bài này bao gồm 131 câu bài tập giúp học sinh luyện tập về dạng cấu tạo từ hay, có đáp án kèm theo.



1. Scientists from Russia, America and Japan have recently filled the periodic table’s seventh row with four _________ chemical elements. (HEAVE)

2. It is a misconception that _________ human blood is blue. (OXYGEN)

3. The house is painted in such a(n) _________ style. (SAVOUR)

4. In this modern day, you have to keep yourself _________ so as not to lag behind others. (DATE)

5. This book is _________. You can find information about the varieties of plants around the world here. (EMBRACE)

6. The little rainfall ________ a poor crop for farmers in this village. (BODE)

7. That word is such a(n) ________. It is not easy to pronouce at all. (JAW)

8. _________ and disinfectants are widely used in hospital to kill the bacteria. (SEPTIC)

9. Due to the prolonged _________, the goods arrived later than we had expected. (CONTENT)

10. Found in ________ condition, the house is intended to be demolished. (DOWN)

11. ________ of violence has been possible by means of television. (DOCTRINE)

12.  He laid his desk _________. It is untidily filled with all kinds of stuff. (HEAP)

13. It is ________ that he will press ahead with his project. Nothing can prevent him. (ODD)

14. X-rays, known as a form of ________, are widely utilized nowadays to diagnose medical conditions. (RADIAL)

15. His misunderstanding of the situation resulted in his _________. Everyone could make out the embarassing remarks on his face. (COMPOSE)

16. The minister _________ the fight against hunger in his opening speech. (ACCENT)

17. Even the most _________ equipment cannot replace the role of the teachers in the future. (ART)

18. America is considered one of the biggest _________ in the world. (POWER)

19. The water ________ in the building is of great concern. It can damage the walls if not managed properly and timely. (FILL)

20. He took off his hat and a pigeon flew out. It was ________ a trick. (GUILE)

21. In a _________ manner, he stepped into the room and shouted at the top of his voice. (DOUBT)

22. You should not assess a situation from such a(n) ________ side. (LATERAL)

23. The homless woman pleaded for a shelter from the rain in a(n) _________ tone. (PASSION)

24. The man reported than he had seen a(n) _________ object, which might well be a UFO. (EGG)

25. The coal cellar needs to be equipped with _________ system in order to prevent suffocation. (VENT)

26. The advent of Internet is an important __________ in human history. (MARK)

27. His face showed the remark of _________ even when we were talking about seriously. ( FLIP)

28. What you know is rather __________. And it is unfair to judge just through a cursory glance. (FACIES)

29. Moving _________ is moving in a direction opposite to the direction the hands of the clock moves. (CLOCK)

30. Reta is studying animal __________ at the Oxford university. (GENE)

31. The crews fortuitously dicovered a __________ in the ship’s cool chamber. (STOW)

32. The man was _________ on a medal for bravely taking a child out of the burning house. (STOW)

33. The report has _________ the cause of global warming in the past decades. (POINT)

34. It may take more than a month to deliver our car from Germany to VietNam as it is _________. (SHIP)

35. “Titanic” is an example of _________ romance. (SHIP)

36. The machine cannot work properly as a direct result of _________. (ALIGN)

37. There used to be a __________ in Quang Tri, whose remains now become a historical site. (HOLD)

38. Andy was ___________ from the volunteer group due to his poor attitude. (COMMUNICATE)

39. I was so ____________ that even a spider scared me. (KNEE)

40. The government ____________ its responsibility in the leakage of confidential information. (NEGATE)

41. Try not to be ___________ even if you are tremendously successful. (VAIN)

42. Bob is a(n) ___________ of an intelligent student. (TYPE)

43. The goverment’s policy to soothe the anger among people was ___________. It should have happened earlier. (CHRONOLOGY)

44. Tom’s collection is such a(n) ___________. There is no connection between things. (MASH)

45. I was completely ___________ by the fact that he was going to get married. (MUSE)

  1. 46.  Sleeping during day and working when night comes sounds seemingly __________. (SCIENCE)

47. I question whether a spectacle so fantastic and impressive was ever dealtwith, even in the pages of __________ fiction. (SCIENCE)

48. Adam’s gait is a(n) __________ for his strong personality. (WORD)

49. The apricot blossom __________ during spring. (GERM)

50. In an _________ world, people have to change to get into the swing of the environment. (EVOLVE)

51. I __________ the distance from my house to the Ann’s hospital and arrived there rather late. (RECK)

52. Harry Porter’s personality is successfully ___________  by J.K.Rowling throughout her series. (LINE)

53. Your __________ saying last night could hurt other people’s feelings although you might not intend to say so. (SENSE)

54. What Thuy Minh said has provoked violent __________ from critics as well as celebrities. (BLAST)

55. You are becoming a(n) ___________. Just go outside and see what happens. (LAY)

56. A ___________ is an instrument that separates light into a frequency spectrum and records the signal using a camera. (SPECTRUM)

57. Cindy showed ___________ support at Josh’s project. She always believes him. (FALTER)

58. Securing a ___________ job is most people’s dreams. (CLERK)

59. This place is an ___________ zone, which is restricted to people who work in the Parliamentary House only. (EXCLUDE)

60. He was ___________ by the darkness and got lost in the forest. (NIGHT)

61. He was ___________ with intelligence but he tried hard to make up for it. (ENDOW)

  1. 62.  Any ___________ gimmicks are forbidden in this competition. (MALICE)

63. Surely all women must have ___________ instinct or the human race would die out. (MOTHER)

64. Putting up with noise coming from the neighbor is probably the most ____________ thing. (TO)

65. The  leader was taken into custody, which brought an end to the _____________. (SURGE)

66. The spectacular view of Sa Pa has _____________ many visitors. (RAPTURE)

67. Andy has received such _____________ fame after he tried himself in the school’s play. (WONT)

68. The aridity in that area _____________ a poor crop. (TOKEN)

69. Some people argue that money has _____________ football. (BASE)

70. This remote village bore the _____________ of the storm. (PREDATOR)

71. “People” is a ____________ word. (SYLLABLE)

72. The young boy was _____________ by the two men who then asked the innocent for money. (WAY)

73. Taking that old lady for a ride is _____________. (CONSCIENCE)

74. To achieve the _____________ logic, you have to employ certain techniques of using connectives like ‘and’, ‘or’ in the right place within the sentence. (SENTENCE)

75. This chair is almost too ____________, so replace it with a new one! (ANNUAL)

76. Underground nuclear _____________ are believed to have been carried out. (TONE)

77. The opponents of nuclear power may object to the scheme for some ______________ reasons. (MENTION)

78. Every point in his speech is _____________, which allows the audience to follow easily. (PERSPEX)

79. The ______________ is used to measured the smallest things! (MICRO)

80. His ______________ talking annoys the teachers a lot. (TERMINAL)

81. Many ______________ policies have come into force to boost the economic development. (BUSINESS)

82. A(n) _____________ schedule assists me in passing the day smoothly. (ARRANGE)

83. Allowing yourself anything you like makes you a ____________ figure. (INDULGE)

84. Mary ______________ with her husband about his budget this month. (POSTULATE)

85. It is impossible to _______________ his excellence at work. (SAY)

86. People in coastal area live mainy on the ______________, which allows them to earn a great deal of money from the sea products  (CULTURE)

87. People felt a great pity for the time spent to see such a(n) _____________ film. (ABYSS)

88. Every book has a ______________ including what the authors say about their masterpiece. (WORD)

89. I cannot imagine why there are such ______________ people in this world. Don’t they feel any sympathy for the homeless? (HEART)

90. I will bring my unbrella along on the _____________ that it rains. (CHANCE)

91. The dramatic decrease in the ________________ of this factory can be a direct result of underpayment. (PUT)

92. The contaminated drinking water in Flint, Michigan  can cause ______________ consequences. (LIFE)

93. It is a _____________ fact that the vegeterian sausages were invented during World War I. (KNOW)

94. His recent unpredictable mood ____________ him from his friends. (STRANGE)

95. I was ______________  and fell in love with her immediately at first sight. (LOVE)

96. The camera must be clean with a soft ____________ cloth. Otherwise, the water will permeate and cause damage. (WRING)

97. His recent ups and downs made the criminal more ____________ than ever. (BITE)

98. John Cena used to be in his _____________ in WWE but since his dislocation, he had to leave for operation and it would take him a long time to make a full recovery. (DAY)

99. Bats use ______________ to navigate in the dark when hunting prey. (LOCATION)

100. He was lying, indicated by the _______________ sign that his hands were shivering. (TELL)

101. Thanks to the _____________ at the bottom of the page, the Chinese-VietNamese poem becomes more accessible. (NOTE)

102. The dog seems rather _______________; it must not have been fed for days. (SEE)

103. ________________ injection is the most common way to inject drugs. (VEIN)

104. _________________ medication brings about a quick relief but it is not recommended for long-term treatment. (ACT)

105. Ivan’s camera now ________________ because he carelessly dropped it into the pool. (FUNCTION)

106. Mary told the doctor about her stomach’s ________________. It didn’t seem to work properly. (FUNCTION)

107. A cock roach can continue to live for a few days even if it is ________________. (CAPITA)

108. Their house is decorated in such a _________________ way so that it fit in with other houses. (DESCRIBE)

109. ________________ people are strong and healthy ones who can make a living on their own. (BODY)

110. I spent the whole evening _______________ my messy house. (CLUTTER)

111. Remember to read every _______________ in the contract because it can be a trap for the unwary. (PRINT)

112. I did my project in my own way, not in a ________________ one. (TREAD)

113. From six o’clock _______________, I’m home! (ON)

114. Some of the ________________ and __________________ regions in Somalia have adopted distinctive symbols , including flags, while others continue to use the Somali flag. (DEPEND/AUTONOMY)

115. A(n) _________________ disease is one that will gradually deteriorate the functioning of any one part in your body. (GENERATE)

116. It is widely known that judges have _________________ powers. (DISCRETION)

117. The little boy left his hand-made boat _______________ on the river. (DRIFT)

118. The students are ________________ seperated into 3 differnt classes. (QUALIFY)

119. He suffered from headaches as an _______________ of his accident. (AFFECT)

120.  The renown that Michael Jackson gained for himself is almost ________________. (SUPERIOR)

121. Viet Nam used to be ________________ into two seperate areas, with the border being Gianh river. (MASS)

122. The walls were _________________ with colors, which make it so beautiful. (STRIPE)

123. A bottle of cooled water had __________________ effects on us after a long walk. (VIGOR)

124. Hand ________________ is accused of including BBA, which can cause many health problems. (SANITARY)

125. Their trouble is __________________. They themselves made the situation worse. (INFLICT)

126. The _________________ inside our bodies is a complex system. (MUSCLE)

127. I do not understand why Adriana was so ________________  at last night’s party. She is usually clever and tactical when meeting people. (ADROIT)

128. Viet Nam went through _________________ process and became an independent country. (COLONY)

129. Most findings about the universe are ________________ because of the lack of evidence. (DETERMINE)

130. A(n) __________________ is used to measure the level of alcohol in one’s blood from a breath sample. (BREATH)

131. Laptops nowadays have ___________________ cameras, which makes it even more convenient for the users. (BUILT)


1. superheavy

2. deoxygenated

3. unsavoury

4. uptodate

5. all-embracing

6. foreboded

7. jawbreaker

8. antiseptics

9. containerization

10. run-down

11. indoctrination

12. aheap

13. odds-on

14. irradiation

15. discomposure

16. accentuated

17. state-of-the-art

18. superpowers

19. infiltration

20. beguilingly

21. redoubtable

22. unilateral

23. impassioned

24. egg-shaped

25. ventilation

26. landmark

27. flippancies

28. superficial

29. counterclockwise/anticlockwise

30. genomics

31. stowaway

32. bestowed

33. pinpointed

34. shipborne

35. shipboard

36. misalignment

37. stronghold

38. excommunicated

39. weak-kneed

40. abnegated

41. vainglorious

42. archetype

43. anachronistic

44. mish-mash

45. bemused

46. antiscientific

47. quasiscientific

48. byword

49. germinates

50. ever-evolving

51. misreckoned

52. delineated

53. insensate

54. counterblast

55. layabout

56. spectrograph

57. unfaltering

58. clerical

59. exclusionary

60. benighted

61. unendowed

62. malicious

63. maternal

64. untoward

65. insurgency

66. enraptured

67. unwonted

68. betokens

69. debased

70. depredation

71. disyllabic

72. waylaid

73. unconscionable

74. sentential

75. superannuated

76. denotations

77. undermentioned

78. perspicuous

79. micrometer

80. interminable

81. pro-business

82. prearranged

83. self-indulgent

84. expostulated

85. gainsay

86. aquaculture

87. abysmal

88. foreword

89. hard-hearted

90. offchance

91. throughput

92. lifelong

93. little-known

94. estranges

95. lovestruck

96. well-wrung

97. hard-bitten

98. heyday

99. echolocation

100. tell-tale

101. footnote/annotation

102. unsightly

103. intravenous

104. short-acting

105. malfunctions

106. dysfunction

107. decapitated

108. nondescript

109. able-bodied

110. decluttering

111. small-print

112. well-trodden

113. onwards

114. quasi-independent/semi-autonomous

115. degenerative

116. discretionary

117. adrift

118. qualitatively

119. aftereffect

120. insuperable

121. demassified

122. striated

123. invigorating

124. sanitizer

125. self-inflicting

126. musculature

127. maladroit

128. decolonisation

129. underdetermined

130. breathalyser

131. built-in

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